Cancer is uncontrolled proliferation of cells and their migration to other organs where they multiply. Milk producing breast units are composed of milk-carrying channels and supporting tissues.
Cancer from the breat nozzle forming texture is called breast cancer. According to the group of identification of the cancerous cells, there are ductal carcinoma, lobular carcinoma, etc. The most common breast cancer cells lining is the invasive ductal carcinoma.
What are the risk factors of breast cancer?
Breast cancer risk factor are aging, hormonal factors, lifestyle and breast cancer in the family.
Which are the ways of protectiong from breast cancer?
Being a woman is a risk factor for breast cancer. Therefore, every woman specially after menopause, should pay attetiontion to their diet (vegetarian diet is recommended), to not exceed 1 cup of alcohol intake per day, ideal weight and sport active in 3-4 hours per week can reduce the risk of breast cancer.
Women who have close blood relatives with breast cancer thave a higher risk of the disease. For them as an additional protection method is recommended to take a genetic breast cancer testing method.
To what extent is the breast cancer self-examination effective?
It is the most important method for early detection of breast cancer. For every woman over the age of 20 should perform this self-examination method, in 7-10 days after the beginning of the menstrual period, for once a month until the age of 40. After the age of 40, it is necessary to undergo the medical examination once a year.
Is every mass in the breast cancer?
A palpable mess on the breast examination it is seen in only about 20 per cent of women. For this reason, when you have detected a mass on the breast, it is important to talk and discuss with your physician.
How is it diagnosed?
If a mass is detected in the breast, an expert or physician should be consulted. After the medical examination, in order to determine the feautres of the mass, Mammography and.or ultrasonography has to be done. Mammography is not suitable for people under the age of 25. If a cystic mass is found, they are usually benign. However, if the mass is determined as solid based, according to the radiological criteria, then a biopsy is suggested with a needle method. As the result of a pathological examination is revealed, a definite diagnosis will be reported. The breast mass-termination method is not very suitable.
What is the treatment for breast cancer?
Treatment is important in determining the stage of the disease.
The surgery for tumors under 1 centimeter, radiotherapy (whole breast) and receptor status must be added according to the chemotherapy treatment and in later stages, hormonetherapy is also sufficient.
In some patients, preservation of the breast is of great importance.
The size of the tumor and breast protection is important. In some cases, although large tumors the breast can be protected.
In some cases, despite large tumors the breast can be protected anyway.
Chemotherapy comes before surgery in order to see the status of the tumor, is it reduced or totally vanished and other furhet status information about it. After chemotherapy and decreasing of the tumor, the breast can be protected. There has been a significant improvement in chemotherapy specifically in the recent years. Not to forget, only an experienced team can treat cancer.